Regulatory Reform Order 2005

Fire Safety Order 2005

If you own, manage or operate a business, you will need to comply with fire safety law. The main law is the Regulatory Reform (Fire Safety) Order 2005 or “the Fire Safety Order” which applies across England and Wales.

The Order applies to virtually all buildings, places and structures other than individual private dwellings, such as individual flats in a block or family homes, and it is your responsibility to make sure your workplace reaches the required standard and employees are provided with adequate fire safety training.

Other places covered by the Order include common parts of houses in multiple occupation (HMOs) and common parts of blocks of flats and maisonettes.

Reducing risk

The Fire Safety Order places the emphasis on risk reduction and fire prevention. Under the Order, people responsible for commercial buildings, such as the employer, owner, or any other person who has control of any part of the premises, are required to carry out a mandatory detailed fire risk assessment identifying the risks and hazards in the premises. The risk assessment must be recorded if you have a total of five or more employees. The responsible person for the premises is also required to:

  • Consider who may be especially at risk
  • Eliminate or reduce the risk from fire as far as is reasonably practical and provide general fire precautions to deal with any risk
  • Take additional measures to ensure fire safety where flammable or explosive materials are used or stored
  • Create a plan to deal with any emergency and where necessary record any findings
  • Maintain general fire precautions, and facilities provided for use by fire-fighters
  • Keep any findings of the risk assessment under review

If you are in control of any part of a commercial premise, you are under a legal obligation to carry out a detailed fire risk assessment to identify risks and hazards in the premises.

Risk assessment

A fire risk assessment is essential in keeping your premises safe for everyone. You must keep a written record of your fire risk assessment if your business has five or more people.

The five key steps to a fire risk assessment are:

  • Identify the fire hazards
  • Identify people at risk
  • Evaluate, remove or reduce the risks
  • Record your findings, prepare an emergency plan and provide training
  • Review and update the fire risk assessment regularly

Can I do the fire risk assessment myself

  • You can do the assessment yourself with the help of  GOV.UK standard fire risk assessment guides
  • If you don’t have the expertise or time to do the fire risk assessment yourself you need to appoint a specialist to do it for you. We cannot do it for you.
  • Your fire risk assessment should be a continuous process and audited as changes to your premises are made.

Need further advice about the Fire Safety Order


BFS Enforcement Policy

Fire Risk Assessment – small premises

Fire Risk Assessment – medium premises

How to complete a Fire Risk Assessment



This content was last updated on December 05th, 2018